Security has always been a universal preoccupation, and there are countless examples of societies reforming their own institutions to stave off chaos and oblivion. In the Roman Kingdom, which preceded the Roman Empire by some five centuries, the local royal quaestor (“investigator”) was tasked with investigating murders. At roughly the same time, subprefects in the Chinese state of Jin patrolled the land and conducted criminal inquiries. Far more recently, The Metropolitan Police Act of 1829 afforded London its first allotment of inspectors and constables — first in buildings at Whitehall Place, later in nearby Great Scotland Yard.
Today, organizational security is almost entirely synonymous with technological security. CIOs act not only as technological champions — but, in their own ways, as quaestor, subprefect, and constable.
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Source: IT Strategy